The Gramophone Company 1908 Pinafore
|Sir Joseph Porter||Alan Turner|
|Captain Corcoran||Thorpe Bates|
|Ralph Rackstraw||Ernest Pike|
|Dick Deadeye||Peter Dawson|
|Bill Bobstay||[not indicated]|
|Bob Becket||[not indicated]|
|Little Buttercup||Amy Augarde|
The Sullivan Operatic Party
With Orchestral Accompaniment
Recorded in London, September 1908
This was the Gramophone Company's third G&S recording in as many years (see the 1906 Mikado and 1907 Yeomen). Earlier in 1908, as the Gramophone & Typewriter Company (they removed the "Typewriter" from both their corporate name and instrument catalogues in mid-1908), they had issued a set of Pinafore excerpts, although this set was not nearly as comprehensive as any of the other three.
This was the Gramophone Company's first attempt to record a nearly-complete opera with a consistent cast. Although Amy Augarde's doubling of Buttercup and Hebe may seem anything but "consistent," it was relatively benign when measured against the confusion that reigned on the two earlier sets. Augarde, by the way, understudied the role of Hebe in the 1888 revival at the Savoy. She is thus in the select company of performers who learned a role under Gilbert's direction and later recorded it.
The recording is musically complete, aside from the overture, the entr'acte, and some of the recitatives. The finale concludes with Arne's "Rule, Britannia," which apparently was the standard ending in D'Oyly Carte productions of the time. As was conventional in these early recordings, the roles were taken by stock gramophone artists, not D'Oyly Carte principals. As a result, aside from Amy Augarde's participation, this recording is of relatively little interest, except to collectors of very old records. It has not been re-issued on LP or CD.
The recording was issued in December, 1908, on fourteen 10-inch and four 12-inch single-sided discs, and later re-issued on double-sided discs. As shown below, there was no attempt to ensure that the double-sided discs were presented in a coherent order, since the selections were probably purchased individually far more often than they were purchased as a set.
|1908||G&T||14 10" and 4 12" single-sided discs||See #1 below|
|ca. 1912||HMV||7 10" and 2 12" double-sided discs||See #2 below|
|8846e||79||G.C. 4469||B435 1||We sail the ocean blue/|
Hail, men-o'-war's men
|2520f||78||04032||C513||But tell me who's the youth|
A maiden fair to see
|8793e||78||G.C. 4470||B436 1||My gallant crew, good morning||10"|
|8787e||79||G.C. 4471||B435 1||Sorry her lot||10"|
|8847e||78||G.C. 4472||B437||Over the bright blue sea/|
Sir Joseph's barge is seen
|8777e||79||G.C. 4473||Now give three cheers/|
When I was a lad, verses 1;2;6
|8791e||79||G.C. 4474||B438||A British tar||10"|
|6744e||78||G.C. 4457||Refrain, audacious tar||10"|
|2543f||78||04034||This very night||12"|
|8788e||79||G.C. 4475||B436 1||Fair moon to thee I sing||10"|
|8780e||79||G.C. 4476||B439||Things are seldom what they seem||10"|
|2527f||78||04035||C513||The hours creep on apace||12"|
|8789e||79||G.C. 4477||B439||Never mind the why and wherefore||10"|
|8795e||79||G.C. 4478||B440||Kind Captain||10"|
|8849e||78||G.C. 4479||In uttering a reprobation||10"|
|8779e||79||G.C. 4480||B441||Farewell my own||10"|
|8851e||79||G.C. 4481||Oh joy! Oh rapture!||10"|
- Francis omits "Refrain, audacious tar" from this set, as it was actually recorded for the G&T Company's earlier set of Pinafore excerpts. However, as Bruce Miller observes, the Gramophone Company considered this an 18-record set, so "Refrain, audacious tar" is properly included. (As the principals are the same, and there is no chorus, the company probably didn't see any need to remake it.) The side also was part of HMV's double-sided re-issue. Rees also lists it as part of the set.
- Francis says that "A British tar" and the Act I finale are credited only to the Sullivan Operatic Party.
- Francis says that the EMI ledger credits only Alan Turner singing in "Now give three cheers..." and "Farewell my own." On that basis, Francis assumes that Turner must share the role of Corcoran with Thorpe Bates. I am unwilling to make this assumption.
- Francis says that the EMI ledger credits Amy Augarde as the only soloist on the last two records. Bruce Miller says that the accompanying booklet is consistent with this.
- Francis says that the Act I finale was issued by HMV only, not by G&T. However, Rees does list G&T catalog numbers for these sides.
- Francis says that Hebe is uncredited, but Wolfson credits it to Augarde. Bruce Miller suspects he did so after listening to the side and concluding that the voice sounded more like Augarde's than Jones-Hudson's.
- Buttercup's aria was re-issued by Pearl on The Art of the Savoyard (LP Volume II, and CD).